Positive Affect This scale measures a positively valenced state/trait of low arousal, or calm. Adjectives included are happy, joyful, and pleasant.
Sensation Seeking This scale measures a positively valenced state/trait of arousal, or positive level of activation. Adjectives included are adventurous, daring, and energetic.
The two composite scales are: Dysphoria (Dys = A+D+H) and Positive Affect and Sensation Seeking (PASS = PA+SS). A diagnostic study has indicated that the score Dys-PA is effective in discriminating patients with affective disorders from other patients and clients.